Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset was interred at St. Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London. The English ballad "The Death of Queen Jane" (Child No. Her exact date of birth is uncertain; many historians agree on the long-held estimate of 1537, while others set it in the latter half of 1536 based on newer research.  During the Protectorate and before, the subject was a central patron of the emerging Protestant literature.  Edward also announced to have his "declaration" passed in parliament in September, and the necessary writs were prepared. In this reading, the composition of the Privy Chamber shifted towards the end of 1546 in favour of the Protestant faction. , Upon the death of Henry VIII (28 January 1547), Seymour's nephew became king as Edward VI. On 10 July, she was officially proclaimed Queen of England, France and Ireland after she had taken up secure residence in the Tower of London, where English monarchs customarily resided from the time of accession until coronation. The Scots allied with France, who sent reinforcements for the defence of Edinburgh in 1548, while Mary, Queen of Scots, was removed to France, where she was betrothed to the dauphin. Their execution was first scheduled for 9 February 1554, but was then postponed for three days to give Jane a chance to convert to the Catholic faith. Her father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and his two brothers joined the rebellion, and so the government decided to go through with the verdict against Jane and Guildford.  Historian and Tudor specialist David Starkey is sceptical, "It's an appallingly bad picture and there's absolutely no reason to suppose it's got anything to do with Lady Jane Grey. Both Catalina and Anne were removed by death from rivalry. Elizabeth was receptive, but, like Edward, unready to agree to anything unless permitted by the council. lisby1 has uploaded 17038 photos to Flickr. , Seymour's takeover of power was smooth and efficient. The story as related in the ballad is historically inaccurate, but apparently reflects the popular view at the time of the events surrounding her death. , Whatever the popular view of the Duke of Somerset, the disastrous events of 1549 were taken as evidence of a colossal failure of government, and the Council laid the responsibility at the Protector's door.  , Edward Seymour's only undoubted skill was as a soldier, which he had proved on his expeditions to Scotland and in the defence of Boulogne in 1546. Queen Elizabeth II is the queen of 16 member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.  He proceeded to rule largely by proclamation, calling on the Privy Council to do little more than rubber-stamp his decisions. The Third Succession Act of 1544 restored Henry VIII's daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, to the line of succession, although they were still regarded as illegitimate. Remember what you promised immediately after, devising with me concerning the place which you now occupy ... and that was to follow mine advice in all your proceedings more than any other man's". Northumberland set out from London with troops on 14 July to capture Mary. Personal, political and religious rivalry separated him and Baron Lisle from the Howards, and Surrey's hasty temper precipitated his own ruin and that of and his father, the duke of Norfolk. Italics indicate people who predeceased Edward VI; Arabic numerals indicate the line of succession to Edward VI at the time of his death according to Henry VIII's will; and Roman numerals indicate the line of succession at the time of Edward VI's death according to Edward's will. Jane was held prisoner in the Tower and was convicted in November 1553 of high treason, which carried a sentence of death—though Mary initially spared her life. It entrusted the government of the realm during his son's minority to a Regency Council that would rule collectively, by majority decision, with "like and equal charge".  In July 1549, Paget wrote to Seymour: "Every man of the council have misliked your proceedings ... would to God, that, at the first stir you had followed the matter hotly, and caused justice to be ministered in solemn fashion to the terror of others ...". The origin of the popular view of Edward Seymour as sympathetic to the rebel cause lies partly in his series of sometimes liberal, often contradictory, proclamations. Henry's will reinforced the succession of his three children, and then declared that, should none of them leave descendants, the throne would pass to heirs of his younger sister, Mary, which included Jane. , The following chart illustrates Jane's relationship to the House of Tudor and other claimants to the English throne. , In July 1544 he was appointed lieutenant of the realm under Catherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife and regent, during Henry's absence at Boulogne, but in August he joined the king and was present at the surrender of the town. Jane's guilt, of having treacherously assumed the title and the power of the monarch, was evidenced by a number of documents she had signed as "Jane the Quene". Sep 1, 2012 - Explore lisby1's photos on Flickr.  Seymour's brother, the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, felt threatened by Thomas' popularity with the young King Edward.   King Edward wrote in his Chronicle that the 1549 risings began "because certain commissions were sent down to pluck down enclosures". , From October to the end of Henry's reign he was in attendance on the king, engaged in the struggle for predominance which was to determine the complexion of the government during the coming minority. ", David Loades, "The reign of Edward VI: An historiographical survey", Vivian, Heraldic Visitations of Devon, 1895, p.702, pedigree of Seymour, William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester. , In summer 1548, a pregnant Catherine Parr discovered Thomas Seymour embracing Princess Elizabeth. The King died on 6 July 1553, but his death was not announced until four days later. He then found himself abruptly dismissed from the chancellorship on charges of selling off some of his offices to delegates. , Seymour also attempted to bring uniformity to forms of worship, and in 1549 the first Act of Uniformity introduced a Book of Common Prayer that attempted to compromise between different forms of learning; it was replaced by a more severe form in 1552 after his fall. Jane then failed to find the block with her hands, and cried, "What shall I do? Her father was Sir John Seymour of Wolf Hall in Wiltshire; he served in the Tournai campaign of 1513 and accompanied Henry VIII to the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. Lady Jane Grey (c. 1537 – 12 February 1554), also known as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as the "Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.. Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, and was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI. , During 1548, England was subject to social unrest. Both Jane and her husband were executed on 12 February 1554. ", Hoak, Dale. , Edward Seymour faced less manageable opposition from his younger brother Thomas, who has been described as a "worm in the bud". Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset KG PC (1500 – 22 January 1552) (also 1st Earl of Hertford, 1st Viscount Beauchamp ), also known as Edward Semel, was the eldest surviving brother of Queen Jane Seymour (d. 1537), the third wife of King Henry VIII. "A rare portrait of Lady Jane Grey? (2017) "The 1553 succession crisis reconsidered. Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, found himself accused of treason; on 24–25 December, he offered his vast estates to the Crown making them available for redistribution, and he spent the whole of Edward's reign in the Tower of London. Mary sent her chaplain John Feckenham to Jane, who was initially not pleased about this. Lady Mary Seymour (born 1542) married twice: Firstly to Andrew Rogers (died c. 1599), MP, Lord Edward Seymour (1548–1574), died unmarried and childless, Lady Elizabeth Seymour (1552 – 3 June 1602), who married, Daniel Moynihan portrayed Edward Seymour in the 1970, Richard Felix portrayed Edward Seymour in the 2001 TV series series, Thomas Lockyer portrayed Edward Seymour in the 2003 TV serial, Thomas Lockyer portrayed Edward Seymour in the 2003 film, Loades, David. HE WAS EXECUTED ON TOWER HILL AFTER PROMOTING LADY JANE GREY FOR QUEEN UPON THE DEATH OF EDWARD VI.  In March 1547, he secured letters patent from King Edward granting him the almost monarchical right to appoint members to the Privy Council himself and to consult them only when he wished. She died in 1559. , In early February 1547, Jane was sent to live in the household of Edward VI's uncle, Thomas Seymour, who soon married Henry VIII's widow, Catherine Parr. Seeing her husband's corpse return, Jane is reported to have exclaimed: "Oh, Guildford, Guildford. Jane Seymours family was of ancient and respectable lineage. From the first, his main interest as Protector was the war against Scotland. Henry VIII's will did not provide for the appointment of a Protector.  The final state of Henry VIII's will has occasioned controversy. Furthermore, this Act authorised Henry VIII to alter the succession by his will. For reasons unknown, Henry excluded Jane's mother, Frances Grey, from the succession, and also bypassed the claims of the descendants of his elder sister, Margaret, who had married into the Scottish royal house and nobility. Where is it?"  In addition, two leading conservative Privy Councillors were removed from the centre of power. Both positions were very desirable for they allowed personal access to the king. Wikisource has original works on the topic: Bindoff, Stanley T. (1953) "A Kingdom at Stake, 1553.  As a result, Elizabeth was removed from Catherine Parr's household and transferred to Sir Anthony Denny's.  Seymour's commissions were led by the evangelical M.P. She is the oldest reigning monarch in the world. , The sequence of events that led to Seymour's removal from power has often been called a coup d'état. As soon as Mary was sure of King Edward's demise, she left her residence at Hunsdon and set out to East Anglia, where she began to rally her supporters. , Meanwhile, a united Council published details of Seymour's government mismanagement.  According to the account of her execution given in the anonymous Chronicle of Queen Jane and of Two Years of Queen Mary, which formed the basis for Raphael Holinshed's depiction, Jane gave a speech upon ascending the scaffold: Good people, I am come hither to die, and by a law I am condemned to the same.  On 19 July 1553, Jane was imprisoned in the Tower's Gentleman Gaoler's (Jailer's) apartments, her husband in the Beauchamp Tower.  A complex aspect of the social unrest was that the protestors believed they were acting legitimately against enclosing landlords with the Protector's support, convinced that the landlords were the lawbreakers.  A portrait believed by some experts to be of Jane was discovered in a private home in 2005.  On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, and another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.. Most importantly, he had to isolate and, ideally, capture Mary Tudor to prevent her from gathering support. In May he was once more appointed lieutenant-general in the north to avenge the Scottish victory at the Battle of Ancrum Moor; this he did by a savage foray into Scotland in September. On the morning of 12 February 1554, the authorities took Guildford from his rooms at the Tower of London to the public execution place at Tower Hill, where he was beheaded. Historians have contrasted the efficiency of Edward Seymour's takeover of power in 1547 with the subsequent ineptitude of his rule. , Other historians have argued that Gardiner's exclusion had non-religious causes, that Norfolk was not noticeably conservative in religion, that conservatives remained on the council, and that the radicalism of men such as Sir Anthony Denny, who controlled the dry stamp that replicated the king's signature, is debatable. Cookies allow us to distinguish you from other users of our website, personalise content and ads, provide social media features and analyse your use of this website.  By autumn 1549, his costly wars had lost momentum, the crown faced financial ruin, and riots and rebellions had broken out around the country. Until recent decades, Seymour's reputation with historians was high, in view of his many proclamations that appeared to back the common people against a rapacious landowning class.  The cost of maintaining the Protector's massive armies and his permanent garrisons in Scotland also placed an unsustainable burden on the royal finances. The male line of Edward Seymour and Anne Stanhope died out with the seventh Duke of Somerset in 1750, when the descendants of Edward Seymour by his first wife, Catherine Fillol, inherited the Somerset dukedom in accordance with the Private Act of 1541.  As King Edward's uncle, Thomas Seymour demanded the governorship of the king's person and a greater share of power. , While admitting to action considered unlawful, she declared that "I do wash my hands thereof in innocence". He trusted to the garrisons he established throughout the Lowlands to wear down Scottish opposition; but their pressure was soon weakened by troubles in England and abroad, and Mary was transported to France to marry Francis II in 1557.  Most importantly, Thomas Seymour had sought to officially receive the governorship of King Edward, as no earlier Lord Protectors, unlike Edward Seymour, had ever held both functions.  Local groups often assumed that the findings of these commissions entitled them to act against offending landlords themselves.  On 9 July Jane was informed that she was now queen, and according to her own later claims, accepted the crown only with reluctance. The BIG Royal Family Tree Of Queen Elizabeth II: What You Need …  This painting had been discovered at the Yale Center for British Art in the United States of America. During and in the aftermath of the Marian persecutions, Jane became viewed as a Protestant martyr for centuries, featuring prominently in the several editions of the Book of Martyrs (Actes and Monuments of these Latter and Perillous Dayes) by John Foxe. These executors were supplemented by twelve men "of counsail" who would assist the executors when called on. Both Mary and Elizabeth had been named illegitimate by statute during the reign of Henry VIII after his marriages to Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn had been declared void. The will removed his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth, from the line of succession on account of their illegitimacy, subverting their claims under the Third Succession Act. Name 'Lord Edward Seymour' is per Vivian, In 1549, Paget was to remind Seymour: "Remember what you promised me in the gallery at Westminster before the breath was out of the body of the king that dead is. Rather, it seems that Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel—whom Northumberland had arrested and detained twice as an ally of Somerset, before rehabilitating—engineered a coup d'état in the Privy Council in Northumberland's absence. To the visiting scholar Roger Ascham, who found her reading Plato, she is said to have complained: For when I am in the presence either of father or mother, whether I speak, keep silence, sit, stand or go, eat, drink, be merry or sad, be sewing, playing, dancing, or doing anything else, I must do it as it were in such weight, measure and number, even so perfectly as God made the world; or else I am so sharply taunted, so cruelly threatened, yea presently sometimes with pinches, nips and bobs and other ways (which I will not name for the honour I bear them) ... that I think myself in hell. He landed at Leith on 3 May 1544, captured and pillaged Edinburgh, and returned by land burning villages and castles along the way.  Edward's decision to name Jane Grey herself was possibly instigated by Northumberland.  The will contained an "unfulfilled gifts" clause, added at the last minute, which allowed Henry's executors to freely distribute lands and honours to themselves and the court, particularly to Seymour (then known as Earl of Hertford), who became the Lord Protector of the Realm and Governor of the King's Person, and who created himself Duke of Somerset. Princess Diana's Siblings Earl Spencer, Lady Sarah McCorquodale …  His initial successes, however, were followed by a loss of direction, as his aim of uniting the realms through conquest became increasingly unrealistic. He was senior to his ally Lisle in the peerage, and was the new king's closest relative.  Jane's father, the Duke of Suffolk, was executed 11 days after Jane, on 23 February 1554. "Seymour, Edward, duke of Somerset (c. 1500–1552)".  In January 1549, the council had Thomas Seymour arrested on various charges, including embezzlement at the Bristol mint. ", This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 00:35.  Edward summarised the charges against Somerset in his Chronicle: "ambition, vainglory, entering into rash wars in mine youth, negligent looking on Newhaven, enriching himself of my treasure, following his own opinion, and doing all by his own authority, etc.". In the autumn he was one of the commissioners sent to Flanders to keep Emperor Charles V to the terms of his treaty with England, and in January 1545 he was placed in command at Boulogne, where on the 26th he repelled an attempt of Marshal de Biez to recapture the town. A horse and cart brought his remains back to the Tower, past the rooms where Jane was staying. Courtiers were always desperate … , The rebellion of Thomas Wyatt the Younger in January 1554 against Queen Mary's marriage plans with Philip of Spain sealed Jane's fate. In June 1553, Edward VI wrote his will, nominating Jane and her male heirs as successors to the Crown, in part because his half-sister Mary was Roman Catholic, while Jane was a committed Protestant and would support the reformed Church of England, whose foundation Edward claimed to have laid. Appointed Esquire of the Body to Henry VIII in 1529, he grew in favour with the king, who visited his manor at Elvetham in Hampshire in October 1535.. The Duke of Northumberland was executed on 22 August 1553. However, Edward, in a draft will ("My devise for the Succession") composed earlier in 1553, had first restricted the succession to (non-existent) male descendants of Frances Brandon and her daughters, before he named his Protestant cousin "Lady Jane and her heirs male" as his successors, probably in June 1553; the intent was to ensure his Protestant legacy, thereby bypassing Mary, who was a Roman Catholic. Another portrait, a miniature, was shown to the news media in 2007 by Starkey who stated that he was "90 per cent certain" that it is of Lady Jane Grey.  Edward noted his uncle's death in his Chronicle: "the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o'clock in the morning". The Privy Council of England suddenly changed sides and proclaimed Mary as queen on 19 July 1553, deposing Jane. Lady Jane Grey (c. 1537 – 12 February 1554), also known as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage) and as the "Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.  The imperial ambassador reported to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, that her life was to be spared.  Whatever the case, Henry's death was followed by a lavish hand-out of lands and honours to the new power group. Henry (who gets along well with Sir John Seymour, a comrade-in-arms to his late father) is clearly attracted to her, and at the end of the episode suggests she should come to court as a lady-in-waiting for Queen Anne Boleyn. The two most serious rebellions, which required major military intervention to put down, were in Devon and Cornwall and in Norfolk.  In the early 20th century this line was taken by the influential A. F. Pollard, to be echoed by Edward VI's 1960s biographer W. K. Jordan. , Edward VI personally supervised the copying of his will which was finally issued as letters patent on 21 June and signed by 102 notables, among them the whole Privy Council, peers, bishops, judges, and London aldermen. That September, Catherine Parr died in childbirth, and Thomas Seymour promptly resumed his attentions to Elizabeth by letter, planning to marry her.  She would agree only to make him Duke of Clarence.  A French attack on Boulogne in August 1549 at last forced Seymour to begin a withdrawal from Scotland.  Instead, he was executed for felony (that of seeking a change of government) in January 1552 after scheming to overthrow Dudley's regime. The commission was chaired by Sir Thomas White, Lord Mayor of London, and Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. It was owing to this circumstance, as well as the dignity she derived … A more critical approach was initiated by M. L. Bush and Dale Hoak in the mid-1970s.  Nevertheless, a few days after Henry's death, on 4 February, the executors chose to invest almost regal power in Edward Seymour.  He is known to have done so with William Paget, private secretary to Henry VIII, and to have secured the support of Sir Anthony Browne of the Privy Chamber.  In the words of historian G. R. Elton, "from that moment his autocratic system was complete". While I cannot comment on Bernard’s book, as it’s not yet in circulation, I have read a report by Bernard entitled “The Fall of Anne Boleyn”, which was published in 1991 in which he says:- and he concludes by saying:-  Their trial, by a special commission, took place on 13 November 1553, at Guildhall in the City of London. VI.  The Duke, Lord President of the King's Council from late 1549, was then the most powerful man in the country. , The same justification for outbreaks of unrest was voiced throughout the country, not only in Norfolk and the west. He was Lord Protector of England from 1547 to 1549 during the minority of his nephew King Edward VI (1547–1553). Jane preferred book studies to hunting parties and regarded her strict upbringing, which was typical of the time, as harsh.  In his first parliament, which met in November 1547, he procured the repeal of all the heresy laws and nearly all the treason laws passed since Edward III. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/24908625/jane-brotherton Dark Queen (Jane Yellowrock): Hunter, Faith: 9781101991428: … He sought to win over the Scots by those promises of autonomy, free trade, and equal privileges with England. The executioner asked her forgiveness, which she granted him, pleading: "I pray you dispatch me quickly." Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor and "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant opponents, was the queen of England from July … After Edward's death, Jane was proclaimed queen on 10 July 1553 and awaited coronation in the Tower of London. There is no other Royal Family now in the world as magnificent as that of the Queen’s.  A painting in London's National Portrait Gallery was thought to be Jane for many years, but in 1996 it was confirmed to be of Catherine Parr.  Seymour tried to buy his brother off with a barony, an appointment to the Lord Admiralship, and a seat on the Privy Council—but Thomas was bent on scheming for power. Although Seymour was released from the Tower and restored to the council in early 1550, in October 1551 he was sent to the Tower on an exaggerated charge of treason. Or just an 'appallingly bad picture'? Jane refused to name her husband Dudley as king, because that would require an Act of Parliament. Jane is first introduced in episode 2.07 when Henry meets her while stopping at her father's estate, Wolfhall, with his friend Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk, after a hunt. For other people titled 1st Duke of Somerset, see. Jane had two younger sisters: Lady Katherine and Lady Mary.  Nothing came of this, however, and Jane was not engaged until 25 May 1553, her bridegroom being Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. In 1541, during Henry's absence in the north, Hertford, Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Audley had the chief management of affairs in London. Catherine had been on the point of accepting him when Henry VIII required her hand.  and partly in the uncoordinated activities of the commissions he sent out in 1548 and 1549 to investigate grievances about loss of tillage, encroachment of large sheep flocks on common land, and similar issues. Lady Jane Grey | Biography, Facts, & Execution | Britannica No memorial stone was erected at their grave. lisby1 has uploaded 16710 photos to Flickr. Lack of clear evidence for treason ruled out a trial, so Thomas was condemned instead by an Act of Attainder and beheaded on 20 March 1549. ", and the axeman answered: "No, madam." She then blindfolded herself. During this time Catherine was courted by and fell in love with Thomas Seymour, Lord High Admiral of England and the brother of the late Queen Jane Seymour, Edward VI's mother.  Frances was the elder daughter of King Henry VIII's younger sister, Mary. , In April 1547, using King Edward's support to circumvent his brother's opposition, Thomas Seymour secretly married Henry VIII's widow Catherine Parr, whose Protestant household included the 11-year-old Lady Jane Grey and the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth. Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset KG PC (1500 – 22 January 1552) (also 1st Earl of Hertford, 1st Viscount Beauchamp), also known as Edward Semel, was the eldest surviving brother of Queen Jane Seymour (d. 1537), the third wife of King Henry VIII.  In fact, in the early weeks of his Protectorate, Seymour met opposition only from the Chancellor, Thomas Wriothesley, whom the Earldom of Southampton had evidently failed to buy off, and from his own brother. However, there is no clear evidence for that outside Norfolk and Suffolk, where Northumberland had put down Kett's Rebellion; hence, where princess Mary sought refuge. EDWARD SEYMOUR, BROTHER OF QUEEN JANE SEYMOUR AND LORD PROTECTOR OF ENGLAND DURING THE REIGN OF HIS NEPHEW KING EDWARD VI. In addition, she is the Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.  Though she would not give in to his efforts "to save her soul", she became friends with him and allowed him to accompany her to the scaffold.. " Jane and Guildford are buried in the Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula on the north side of Tower Green. On 11 October, the council had Seymour arrested and brought the king to Richmond. 170) is about the death of Jane Seymour following the birth of Prince Edward. Jane's family are just as ambitious as the B… After April 1549, a series of armed revolts broke out, fuelled by various religious and agrarian grievances. We may also share information about your usage with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. The fact, indeed, against the Queen's highness was unlawful, and the consenting thereunto by me: but touching the procurement and desire thereof by me or on my behalf, I do wash my hands thereof in innocency, before God, and the face of you, good Christian people, this day. But the Scots were not to be won over yet, and would not be persuaded; the protector led another army into Scotland in September 1547, and won the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh on 10 September. , Referred to by the court as Jane Dudley, wife of Guildford, Jane was charged with high treason, as were her husband, two of his brothers, and the former archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer. In September 1542 he was appointed Warden of the Scottish Marches, and a few months later Lord High Admiral, a post which he almost immediately relinquished in favour of John Dudley, the future duke of Northumberland.  He also urged him to throw off the Protector within two years and "bear rule as other kings do"; but Edward, schooled to defer to the council, failed to co-operate. , Northumberland faced a number of key tasks to consolidate his power after Edward's death. Edward Seymour was born c. 1500, the son of Sir John Seymour (1474–1536), feudal baron of Hatch Beauchamp in Somerset, by his wife Margery Wentworth, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk, and descended from Edward III. Jane Seymour was undeniably the first woman espoused by Henry VIII, whose title, as wife and Queen, was neither disputed by himself nor his subjects.Whilst Catalina de Aragon lived, a great part of the people considered Anne Boleyn but as the shadow of a Queen. He issued a proclamation calling for assistance, took possession of the king's person, and withdrew for safety to the fortified Windsor Castle, where Edward wrote, "Me thinks I am in prison". – History of Parliament Online", https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_National_Biography,_1885-1900/Peyton,_Henry%7Caccessdate=21, File:LadyElizabethSeymour Died1602 WifeOf SirRichardKnightley NortonChurch Northamptonshire.jpg, "BFI Screenonline: Henry VIII and His Six Wives (1972) Credits", Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, Chancellors of the University of Cambridge, Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Seymour,_1st_Duke_of_Somerset&oldid=999539702, People executed under Edward VI of England, People executed by Tudor England by decapitation, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, John Seymour (1527 – 19 December 1552), sent to the, Edward Seymour, Viscount Beauchamp of Hache (12 October 1537 – 1539), known by the. 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