Indeed, revolutionary justice itself participates in the ideology of transparency. Whatever their causes, the changes of 22 Prairial accelerated the wheels of the Terror. Saint-Just implies the idea that the Terror would be only a reply, a counter-violance to a first violence made to democracy. Etymologically, philosophy means love of wisdom. The columns of the site are open to external contributions. He was a radical and took a democratic stance. The Reign of Terror, which began in 1793 following the execution of King Louis XVI and lasted about 11 months, saw the imprisonment of 300,000 people, all of whom were declared to be the enemies of the Revolution. Robespierre was born in Arras, about 115 miles (180 kilometres) north of Paris, in 1758. The Directory that followed saw a return to bourgeois values, corruption, and military failure. Saint-Just told : “Let us raise the veil that hides the plots; let us psy speeches, gestures of each of us”. Under his leadership, the committee came to exercise virtual dictatorial control over the French government. Meanwhile, patriot Charles D'Aubigny (Robert Cummings) secretly kills and impersonates Duval (Charles Gordon), … Robespierre was the mastermind of the Reign of Terror. Advertising puts the power in the middle, the transparency is unlocatable and omnipresent. The period between June 10th and the fall of Robespierre on July 27th became known as the Great Terror. No one was safe, and people hastened to testify by words and deeds that they were loyal, enthusiastic supporters. The Jacobins were the driving force of the Reign of Terror, while Robespierre was the mastermind. The Reign of Terror was at an end. The founding principle of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the questions. The day after his arrest, Robespierre and 21 of his followers were guillotined before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. Maximilien de Robespierre was a radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. Julien Josset, founder. But chasing the secrets of interiority, by probing the conscience, the law of the suspects as the provisions of the Patriot Act, a provision of archetypal Reign of Terror, merges the two spheres, it means the sinking of the private into the public : everything, including the most intimate, must be in the public square. Robespierre became the leader of the Jacobins in April 1790 and became a radical revolutionist. Terror means the systematic removal of alleged traitors against the Revolution. He was against all forms of corruption and wanted to eliminate it from the French government and the republic. How the Terror reveals a reversal of democracy against itself ? Causes Of The Reign Of Terror 766 Words | 4 Pages. The defense witnesses were absent at the trial, physical evidence are made redundant by a decree, the deliberations must be done out loud, the very category of “suspect” is at the discretion of each, a system based purely discretionary . Maximilien and his siblings were raised by their paternal aunts. The next day, July 27, 1794, Robespierre came under verbal attack at the National Convention and an order was made to arrest Robespierre and his followers… This merger is part of a logic “totalitarisation” of society, which absorbs the power of civil society, man is reduced to the citizen. Shortly thereafter, troops of the National Convention attacked the Hotel de Ville and seized Robespierre and his allies. Robespierre, in his speech of March 31, 1794, warns those who fear the famous “terrible acts”, which he defends the wisdom: “I say: Anyone who trembles at this moment is guilty because innocence never fears public scrutiny.”. This indicates first that transparency denies the debate because it is based on the plurality of opinions, it is unbearable to Jacobin deputies: the contradiction is treachery, the opposition against revolutionary. The armistice ended America’s first experiment with the Cold War concept of ...read more. In the aftermath of the coup, the Committee of Public Safety lost its authority, the prisons were emptied, and the French Revolution became decidedly less radical. Faced with the threat of civil war and foreign invasion, the Revolutionary government inaugurated the Reign of Terror in September. Terror, which began in September 1792 and ended in July 1794 with the arrest and killing of Robespierre, was presented as a law enforcement system to protect and defend democracy from its internal enemies. Robespierrre, a powerful figure in the French revolution, is desperately looking for his black book, a death list of those marked for the guillotine. Control of all by each, reinforced by the local monitoring committees, says the politicization of thoughts, the end of privacy, an inquisitorial unit. In the 1790s he rose to wield great power in the revolutionary government. Others, however, cite the earlier time of the September Massacres in 1792, or even July 1789, when the first killing of the revolution occurred. Reign of Terror Robespierre was determined to see that the French Revolution did not fail. The-Philosophy.com - 2008-2019, https://www.the-philosophy.com/robespierre-reign-terror, What is really Veganism? Learn term:robespierre = leader of reign of terror with free interactive flashcards. There is disagreement among historians over when exactly "the Terror" began. On July 27, 1794 (9 Thermidor in the Revolutionary calendar), Robespierre and his allies were placed under arrest by the National Assembly. On July 27, 1793, Robespierre was elected to the Committee of Public Safety, which was formed in April to protect France against its enemies, foreign and domestic, and to oversee the government. He feared that neighboring countries, such as Austria and Great Britain, would send soldiers to put down the revolution and re-establish the French monarchy. The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups, and they identified themselves with the common people, also known as the sans-culottes. The next evening–July 28–Robespierre and 21 others were guillotined without a trial in the Place de la Revolution. Robespierre synonyms, Robespierre pronunciation, Robespierre translation, English dictionary definition of Robespierre. Robespierre became the leader of the Jacobins in April 1790 and became a radical revolutionist. 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