These schools were similar in many ways to the schools Spartan boys attended, as it was the Spartan opinion that strong women produced strong babies, which would then grow into strong soldiers to serve the state.(1). At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? 1 See answer nayday27 is waiting for your help. In some city-states, like Sparta, all men were warriors and the women were trained warriors as well. Athens military training: in Athens boys were sent to school to learn reading, writing, math, and other things from the age of 6 to 17. Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? The emphasis of Athenian education was to prepare well-rounded citizens capable of performing whatever task was asked of them. While no marvelous works of art or literature ever came of this system, it did accomplish the Spartan goal of producing elite soldiers. However, over the course of the war these military cultures discernibly changed, leaving them more closely aligned. Athens and Sparta were the most powerful empire and city-states in Greece 2,500 years ago. Training began at a young age and discipline was harsh, enabling the Spartans to field the most powerful land army on mainland Greece. The national epic poems, Homer's Illiad and Odyssey, were mandatory teaching in all Athenian elementary schools. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war. (1) The Athenian Trireme. From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. The key passage against Athenian military training, often quoted, is Xen., Mem., Ill, 12. At age 18, regardless of social status, all Athenian boys were required to attend military school for two years, after which they were free to live out their lives as they saw fit. In Athens, the military was just one part of society. Sparta Spartan soldiers. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally \"wolf-worker\") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. Athens had a democracy and trade while Sparta was a military state and its focus was training the people for war. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. AnaxandridesII (anaxandridesii) Tempest (hyacinthusi) Lists. It was largely similar to other armies of the region. The training session is the latest sign that the U.S. military is expanding its presence in Greece, which U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called a “critical ally” in the region. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. Over 24,000 soldiers every year go through U.S. Army basic training at Fort Benning. In other city-states, there was a ... Athens, by far, had the best navy of all of the ancient Greek city-states. D. In Sparta, women had more freedom while in Athens, women were not allowed to participate in democracy. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. When starting the training, the officer hosting it must review with the Athenians: terms, commands, faces, and war chants learned in previous training to ensure maximum efficiency when it comes to enacting sed things. II.39.1-4). Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.(1). There were no permanent school for higher education until 390 BC, when teachers like Aristotle began establishing academies for higher learning. Athenian Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. (3), During primary school, younger boys learned calisthenics and often were taught how to play ball games, while older boys were taught more military-type activities, such as running, boxing, and wrestling. Assemblies or groups of elite citizens sanctioned war, and generals (strategoi) came to be accountable for their actions and were often elected for fixed ter… Just so, what is not required for a citizen of Athens? Tactics are also a vague sort of topic. Training was kind of a foreign concept in most of Greece through the 5th century BC. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. This period of service would last until the age of 30. Group Links III. Members. Source: plaza.ufl.edu. Boys from families that could afford it continued to remain in school for four more years. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. Account Requirement III. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. NEED HELP ASAP DUE 11:30PM ! By Steele Brand September 20, 2019 11:00 AM EDT O … Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan girls also went to school at age seven. The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. The Athenian military was the military force of Athens, one of the major city-states (poleis) of Ancient Greece. In fact, the distinctive approaches that Sparta and Athens took to combat embraced a wide range of tactics, only a few of which were tied to their traditional divide at the shoreline. The young men learned between the age of 8 and 18 of several subjects such as grammar, music, and art of public speaking. There they learned gymnastics, wrestling, and did calisthenics. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. Such was the reputation of the Spartans army that scholars and tacticians in the present day still keenly study the battles and training methods of this army in universities and military academies around the world. Athens army was a part time army, it was made up of part time soldiers who had to buy and supply their own equipment, because they all had other jobs they spent much less time training and as they brought their own equipment the standards between men varied greatly. There were three people that participated in it,” Couch noted. The Athenian boys started the education early; their focus was philosophy. Boys would continue to go to a school until the age of 14, and then would either go to a higher educational school in philosophy or take military training in the army or navy. Evolving from armed bands led by a warrior leader, city militia of part-time soldiers, providing their own equipment and perhaps including all the citizens of the city-state or polis, began to move warfare away from the control of private individuals and into the realm of the state. By the age of 20, after several years of additional training after finishing the agoge at about age 16, a Spartan man was deemed ready to become part of the standing army of Spartan citizen soldiers. Initially, Athenian and Spartan military cultures were at odds: a maritime versus a land power with strategies of exhaustion versus that of annihilation. Athenian Military Handbook Description. “We have role players that set up different scenarios that officers may encounter, then our officers will use paint guns and protective gear to go out and address whatever the situation is. Until age 6 or 7, boys were taught at home by their mother or by a male slave. The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. Athenian war ship. The entire citizen body was divided into 10 tribes, with one hero for each tribe. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. Getting caught would result in harsh punishment, including flogging, which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves. Sadly, due to their focus on arts and literature over combat, the Athenian army was not the biggest or the strongest. The Athenian soldiers were required to serve two years, and from then on they could still be called upon to fight, but of course they wouldn't be regularly training anymore. Appearance. They were required to continue serving the military, however, until age 60. Pericles was born c. 495 BC, in the deme of Cholargos just north of Athens.α[›] He was the son of the politician Xanthippus, who, although ostracized in 485–484 BC, returned to Athens to command the Athenian contingent in the Greek victory at Mycale just five years later. Athens. military training. By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. Completion of Recruitment/Training Chapter II Officer Manual--- Section I Morals. But even a trained and well-drilled army with bad morale can be crushed by spirited amateurs. After the two years of training, the Greek men would be inevitably liable for military service. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. (1), At age 14, poorer boys usually stopped going to school and began apprenticeships at a trade. They were taught boxing, swimming, wrestling, javelin-throwing, and discus-throwing. All Athenian boys were expected to read heavily, however, as literature played a very important part in their education. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. The Athenian Army. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. The backbone of the navy's manpower was a core of professional rowers drawn from the lower classes of Athenian society. Athenian Military Handbook Description. Shield design: either individually chosen or representing clan, neighbourhood, or tribe The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistokles. One of the most major difference was military. I. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.These attendants carried the hoplite's shield until the battle and most of the baggage. At the age of 18, Spartan boys had to go out into the world and steal their food. In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.There were no uniforms or insignia and as soon as the conflict was over the soldiers would return to their farms. The concept was that a soldier must learn stealth and cunning. An Athenian male has to train for two years in the military services while a Spartan male starts training at age 12 and spends many years training. They both shared many of their beliefs and heroes, but they were very different when it came to their government. The Athenian Navy. But what of the Athenian who had completed his ephebic training and faced his further incredible forty years of military service ? On the other hand, the goal of education in Athens, a democratic city-state, was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both peace and war. Appearance. Army. 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E  /  38.11806°N 23.97833°E  / 38.11806; 23.97833 Coordinates: 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E  /  38.11806°N 23.97833°E  / 38.118: Result: Greek victory Persian forces conquer the Cycladic islands and establish control over the Aegean sea; … Culture during the rise of Athens . By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. After going over the basics described previously, which is basically a warmup. Yet the Spartan and Athenian ways of war differed in far more than a simple preference for fighting on land rather than sea. Ancient Athenian society was very different from Spartan society. Training for the military began at age 7, … E. In Sparta, slaves received military training while in Athens, slaves participated in the government. (3), Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however. In The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus Thomas R. Henderson provides a new history of the Athenian ephebeia, a system of military, athletic, and moral instruction for new Athenian citizens. How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. 13. Related Questions. read more. The main warships of the fleet were the triremes. Each city-state had its own government, its own military, and its own way of doing things. (1). The schools were private, but the tuition was low enough so that even the poorest citizens could afford to send their children for at least a few years. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to … At age 30, Spartan men are allowed to leave the barracks and live at home with their wife and kids. Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. III.5.15, 12.5; cf. Wikipedia: Athenian military. (as such only the very wealthy were hoplites in Athenian armies) On the plus side Athens had a far bigger population than … Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. To make more soldiers for the future. Members. All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. Question Eight: The education of a Spartan boy and an Athenian Boy were greatly different. 0 0. Plat. At a Glance. According to the legend, the Spartan law was written by the great lawmaker (Greek : νομοθέτης, nomothetis) Lycurgus. Important Trellos II. After the two years of training, only two years of service was rquired and after his service he only had to serve again if called into battle. Self-Discipline V. Personal Health VI. A. Spartan children had military training and studied foreign languages, whereas athenian children were encouraged in civic participation and religion. The Athenians prided themselves with their art, philosophers, and poetry, but did have a strong military to protect and expand their city-state. Ancient Athens was determined to produce thinkers (philosophers) and At a Glance. What happens to a Spartan male at age 30? Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. Barry Williams—Getty Images. First the negative evidence - or what is often thought to be that. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. They were allowed to take a wife, but they weren't allowed to live with her. Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… When boys turned 18 in Athens they were required to go to military school and learn how to fight in battle. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. In Athenian democracy, all … The fleet was made up of triremes, wooden warships that carried 170 rowers manning three banks of oars. Author: Pride III. manu2168 manu2168 Are there any options New questions in History. It’s clear from the surviving writings that Socrates was famous … The boys were also taught how to play the lyre, sing, and do arithmetic. They were allowed to learn in the privacy of their own homes, but as a result, most Athenian women had primarily domestic educations. 12. He would live in the barracks with his fellow soldiers and could be called to war at any time by the Spartan state. I. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers , people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war . Spartan boys would start their education later , The focus for them was military training. From about 335 bc they underwent two years of military training under the supervision of an elected kosmetes and 10 sōphronistai (“chasteners”). With its fleet, Athens o… They were trained to harden themselves to the elements. 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