, According to languages and ancient manuscripts scholar Ernst Wolff, "it was Buddhism, above all, that eminently stimulated and sustained printing activities".  Though the dharani appears at the end of the text and the associated chant in Thai Buddhist practice occurs at the close of the ceremony, they highlight their key role in "the buddhabhiseka ritual".  According to the Buddhism-related writer Red Pine, mantra and dharani were originally interchangeable, but at some point dhāraṇī came to be used for meaningful, intelligible phrases, and mantra for syllabic formulae which are not meant to be understood.  In Buddhism, a dharani has been believed to have magical virtues and a means to earn merit to offset the past karma, allay fear, diseases and disasters in this life, and for a better rebirth.  He quotes Wayman to be similarly stressing the view that the Buddhist chants have a "profound debt to the Vedic religion". Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra, translated during the Tang Dynasty by Buddhapala: “The above mantra is known as the Usnisa Vijaya Dharani (Purifying All Evil Paths). Mahayana sutras – such as the Lotus Sutra and the Heart Sutra – include or conclude with dharani. KFTT. In it, the snake deities appear before the Buddha and offer him adoration, then ask how the suffering of snakes, as well as people, can be alleviated. According to Paul Copp, one of the earliest attestable literary mandate about writing dharanis as an effective spell in itself is found in a Chinese text dated between 317 and 420 CE.  The historic Mahayana dharanis have survived as single manuscripts as well as large collections. The first council was held in the year Buddha died, but the compiled dhamma consisted of spoken words that were not written down. There is no evidence for such a sequential development. Dharani Name Meaning in English Dharani is a Hindu Girl name and it is an Hindi originated name with multiple meanings. This dharani chapter, states Buswell, "encodes (dharayati) the important meanings, without forgetting them, and it reminds and codes the points to remember. The name Dharani has Fire element. , Dharanis are not limited to an esoteric cult within Buddhism, states Paul Copp, rather the "dharani incantations and related mystic phrases and practices have been integral parts of nearly all Buddhist traditions since at least the early centuries of the common era". Some are a part of various suttas, while others are dedicated texts. Other similar sounding names can be Dharini, Dhiren, Dharin, Dheeran, Dharuna, Dhureen. , According to the traditional belief in Tibetan texts, states Jose Cabezon – the Dalai Lama professor of Tibetan Buddhism studies, there were three councils and the term dharani was recorded and became the norm after the third council. Dharani is baby girl name mainly popular in Hindu religion and its main origin is Hindi. In Indian Baby Names the meaning of the name Dharani is: Earth. The demand for printed dharani among the Buddhist lay devotees may have led to the development of textual printing innovations. A special request from Buddha Weekly reader Mr Leung Mitchell John. Instead, the evidence points to an overlap but that the significance of the dharanis in mainstream Buddhist traditions and the esoteric Buddhist tantra tradition co-existed independent of each other. It can purify all evil paths, completely eliminating all sufferings of beings in the realms of hell, King Yama and animal, destroy all the hells, and transfer sentient beings onto the virtuous path.”. Get more detail and free horoscope here.. The guhya mantra are about male deity and female deity relationships and union. , The early Buddhism literature includes the dharani spells and incantations.  In some Buddhist regions, they served as texts upon which the Buddhist witness would swear to tell the truth. dharani (Dharani) meaning in English (इंग्लिश मे मीनिंग) is DHARANI (dharani ka matlab english me DHARANI hai). sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFDavidson2014 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFCopp2014 (, "Dharani and Spells in Medieval Sinitic Buddhism", One of the “One Million Pagodas” (Hyakumanto) and Invocation, "Studies in dhāraṇī literature II: Pragmatics of dhāraṇīs", "Signs of Power: Talismanic Writing in Chinese Buddhism", "Dharanis, Talismans, and Straw-Dolls: Ritual Choreographies and Healing Strategies of the "Rokujikyōhō" in Medieval Japan", Dhāraṇī and Pratibhāna: Memory and Eloquence of the Bodhisattvas, "Studies in Dhāraṇī Literature II: Pragmatics of Dhāraṇīs", "The Heart Sūtra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text?  These chants have roots in Vedic Sanskrit literature, and many are written in Sanskrit scripts such as the Siddham as well as transliterated into Chinese, Korean, Japanese and other regional scripts. Recitation of the sutra, and its contemplation, is reputed to … This dharani does not translate well into the English language because the Sanskrit words were chosen not only for meaning but also for rhyme, rhythm and mitre. Showing page 1.  Empress Shōtoku's million dharanis are among the oldest known printed literature in the world. According to the Mahakarunikacitta Sutra, it … — Buddha to monk Mahamati, in Lankavatara 9.260Translator: Daisetz Teitarō Suzuki, The word dhāraṇī derives from a Sanskrit root √dhṛ meaning "to hold or maintain". According to Buddhist studies scholars Sarah LeVine and David Gellner, Theravada lay devotees traditionally invite the monks into their homes for rites of "protection from evil" and the monk(s) chant the paritrana hymns. Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra is a Mahayana sutra, which originates from India.  The Dunhuang manuscript collections include extensive talismanic dharani sections. This important Sutra was broadly practiced and circulated in China during the Song and Tang dynasties. , The term dharani as used in the history of Mahayana and tantric Buddhism, and its interpretation has been problematic since the mid-19th-century, states Ronald Davidson. The three historic ritual practices of the Theravada community include the Buddha puja (triratna rite), the Five Precepts ceremony (pancasil), and the protective chanting of Paritrana (paritta). This name is from the Hindu;Bengali;Gujarati;Hindi;Indian;Kannada;Malayalam;Marathi;Oriya;Tamil;Telugu origin. , According to Winternitz, a Buddhist dharani resembles the incantations and mantras found in Hinduism. 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à¤à¤à¥à¤°à¥à¤à¥, ShabdKhoj - English Hindi Word Search and Translation. The Chinese text Wugou jing guangda tuoluoni jing of the influential Empress Wu's era – 683 to 705 CE – is about the Buddha reciting six dharanis. Please feel free to read what others say about this name and to share your comments if you have more information.. N.B.  They are a significant part of the historic Chinese dazangjing (scriptures of the great repository) and the Korean daejanggyeong – the East Asian compilations of the Buddhist canon between the 5th and 10th centuries..  The first council, according to this belief, compiled the Sutranta, the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma in Vimalabhada to the south of Rajagriha in India. Illustrations include:, Sanskrit mantra, siddham-dharani chant with commentary (135 secs). For example, the discoveries of dharani fragments by Duan Yuquan show that the ancient Buddhist. The popularity of Buddhist spells in China was probably because older native Chinese religions valued spells already. Dharani is a Girl name, meaning The Earth in hindu origin. They should have the charm copied out seventy-seven times, and out of respect for the ceremony should give the copyist perfume, flowers, food and drink, clean clothes and a bath, and reward him either by anointing and covering him with perfumes or by giving him much money, or by paying him according to his ability.  Some of the oldest Buddhist religious inscriptions in Stupas (Dagoba, Chörten) are extracts from dharani-genre compositions such as the Bodhigarbhalankaralaksa-dharani. What is the meaning of Dharani ? Sutra or dharani?  The snake-charm dharani is found in the Bower Manuscript found in Western China. , The Theravada tradition is found in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asian Buddhist countries. The name Dharani having moon sign as Saggitarius is represented by The Archer and considered as Mutable . Dharani is written in Hindi as धरणी.  These invocations provide protection from "malignant spirits, disease and calamity". Dhaarani is a girl name with meaning The earth, Keeping, Protecting and Number 11. A dharani (Devanagari: धारणी, IAST: dhāraṇī) is a Buddhist chant, mnemonic code, incantation, or recitation, usually a mantra consisting of Sanskrit or Pali phrases. The dharani are the oldest known printed texts in the world, preserved in Buddhist pagodas.  The Theravada Paritrana texts are equivalent to the Dharani texts in the Mahayana tradition, both providing protective charm through chanting of hymns.  The tradition of printing and distributing the Buddhist dharanis, as well as transliterated Sanskrit sutras, continued in East Asia over the centuries that followed. Then they should take these copies of the charms, place them inside the pagoda, and make offerings at the pagoda. Dharani name meanings is Bearing, Earth. They are a major part of the Pali canon preserved by the Theravada tradition. With increased access to the primary texts of Buddhism and the discoveries of historical manuscripts in China, Korea and Japan, such as those about early Silla Buddhism, McBride and others state that dharani incantations and ritualism had widespread significance in East Asia from the early years. The dharani represents the spoken words of Kuan Yin as she recites the names of deities from many pantheons, including references to Shiva, Vishnu, and Indra. These chants have roots in Vedic Sanskrit literature, and many are written in Sanskrit scripts such as the Siddham as well as transliterated into Chinese, Korean, Japanese and other regional scripts.  The dharani mantras, in contrast, constitute that knowledge in tantric Buddhism which "causes one to hold onto the dhamma, to remember the dhamma, to remember virtue".  According to Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, the Korean dharani scrolls were printed after the era of Empress Wu in China, and these date "no earlier than 704 CE, when the translation of the sutra was finished, and no later than 751, when the building of the temple and stupa was completed".  A dhāraṇī can be a mnemonic to encapsulate the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra.  According to Buddhologist Karel Werner, some Mahayana and Vajrayana dharani texts influenced the paritta texts of Theravada tradition, such as the Gini (fire) Paritta, as the hymns are identical in parts and the Theravada text uses the same terms, for example, "dharani dharaniti". However bad any circumstance may be these people have a unique quality to turn every bad into positive.  According to Ross Bender, these events and Empress Shōtoku's initiatives led to the founding of major new Buddhist temples, a "great acceleration" and the "active propagation of Buddhism" in Japan. Left: Korea (early 8th-century, a copy at the Incheon Seoul airport), Right: Japan (764–770 CE). Later, as the Vajrayana Buddhism tradition grew, they proliferated. A dharani may contain simple magical syllables and words without any literal meaning (mantra-padani), or its power is believed to result from it containing words or wisdom in nunce from a Buddhist Sutta. , — Buddha to monk Svati, in Mahamayuri 58.20–59.6Translator: Ronald Davidson, According to Winternitz, a dharani resembles the incantations found in the Atharvaveda and Yajurveda of Hinduism. With the emergence of the Mahayana Buddhism tradition, the dharanis became closely related to mantras. Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. A submission from Sri Lanka says the name Dharani means "Love" and is of English origin.  According to Janet Gyatso, there is a difference between mantras and dharanis. English Note On English Translation of Dharanis: Dharanis are not normally translated as they really have no meaning other than as mantras or ‘spells’ – very much in the same way the ‘English’ word “abracadabra” has no meaning. For example, the single letter "a" (अ) condenses the 100,000 verses of the Prajna-paramita sutras into a single syllable. This sutra was translated for a total of 8 times from Sanskrit to Chinese between 679-988 CE. ", The early hypothesis of dharani entering Buddhist texts later was shared by Asian scholars such as Daisetz Teitarō Suzuki who wrote in 1932 while translating the, According to Joseph Kitagawa, Atanatiya Suttanta (, The Sanskrit language is the source language of sacred dharani chants in Buddhism in many other scripts. Dharanis are also considered to protect the one who chants them from malign influences and calamities. Influence: oldest printed texts in the world, These are widely accepted as the oldest mass, According to Max Muller and Bunyiu Nanjio, the "dharanis, besides being preserved in manuscripts, is of frequent occurrence as an inscription in Buddhist countries. Phonic mysticism and musical chanting based on dharanis – parittas or raksas in the Theravada Pali literature[note 4] – along with related mantras were important in early Buddhism. ḍu ḍu ḍu ḍu–ru ru ru ru–phu phu phu phu–svāhā. If they duly perform this, people who are about to die will prolong their lives to old age, all their previous sins and evil deeds being completely destroyed. Mr. Leung wrote to us and asked us to publish the Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra, a sutra for troubled times — for the merit and benefit of all sentient beings. However, the dharanis were not unique to esoteric Mahayana texts.  The Buddhist tantra traditions added another layer of sophistication and complexity to the rituals with deities and mandalas. Dharanis are also considered to protect the one who chants them from malign influences and calamities.  The dharani-genre of Buddhist literature includes mantra, states Étienne Lamotte, but they were also a "memory aid" to memorize and chant Buddha's teachings. Dharani has 11 variations. A Dharani is generally held to contain the essence of the entire Sutra in which it is cited, in this case the sutra of the Maha Karuna Dharani Sutra, but is not meant to be literally translated (even though we do so below.)  They were an essential part of the monastic training in Buddhism's history in East Asia.  While a 443 CE Chinese translation of Lankavatara Sutra does not contain some of the dharani chapters, other Chinese translations dated to the 2nd-century and 4th-century CE of Mahayana texts do contain dharanis. Dharani name meaning is earth; success and the lucky number associated with is 1. Its chants and ideas were in demand in East Asia, and this led to the development of wood-block based mass printing technology. dhāraṇī; Tib.  The second council occurred about 200 years after the death of the Buddha in a grove provided by Ashoka, where the knowledge was compiled again, but it too did not write anything down. Read the name meaning, origin, pronunciation, and popularity of the baby name Dharanie for girls. [note 1], Dharani recitation for the purposes of healing and protection is referred to as Paritta in some Buddhist regions, particularly in Theravada communities. sarkke-cakre, cakre–dime, dime–hime, hime–ṭu ṭu ṭu ṭu– They appeared at the end of the text, and they may be seen as a coded, distilled summary of Buddhist teachings in the chapters that preceded it. The Sanskrit word Sutra is usually interpreted as deriving from the root siv meaning "to sew" and as referring to a "thread" that holds things together, like the English word suture.However some scholars have suggested that it might instead come from sukta, meaning “wise saying.  The Indologist Moriz Winternitz concurred in early 20th-century that dharanis constituted a "large and important" part of Mahayana Buddhism, and that they were magic formulae and "protective spells" as well as amulets.  According to Skilling, these "protective Buddhist literature" are used by both the monks and the laypeople of Theravada countries. Often the syllables are thought to make an auspicious sound, or have an esoteric or symbolic meaning.  According to Hodgson, as quoted by Ronald Davidson, dharani were esoteric short prayers "derived from [Buddhist tantric] Upadesa" that are believed to be amulet to be constantly repeated or worn inside little lockets, something that leads to "a charmed life". Meaning of Dharanie - What does Dharanie mean?  The dharanis as conceptualized by medieval era Buddhist intellectuals and eminent Chinese monks were an "integral component of mainstream Sinitic Buddhism", states Richard McBride. , The Indologist Frits Staal who is known for his scholarship on mantras and chants in Indian religions, states the Dharani mantras reflect a continuity of the Vedic mantras. , Dharani are found in the ancient texts of all major traditions of Buddhism.  Another document dated 797 CE mentions "healer-meditation masters" (kanbyo zenji) in dharanis to protect the family of the ruler.  The early-8th-century dharani texts discovered in the Pulguksa temple of Gyeongju, Korea are considered as the oldest known printed texts in the world. omg, that lady is such a dharani. Know the answer of question : what is meaning of Dharani in English? The versions found in Nepal and China include spells to end sickness, lengthen life, recovery from poison, magic for luck in war, drive away demons and snakes, protection from the effects of ill-omened constellations, release from a confessed sin, birth of a son or daughter to a woman wanting a baby, rebirth into sukhavati heaven or avoiding a bad rebirth. It is meant to transform us at a more profound level than can … Dharani (director): Dharani (born Ramani) is an Indian film director, who primarily directs action-masala films. , The 8th-century dharanis are the "oldest authenticated printed texts in the world", states Robert Sewell. , The Buddhist dharani invocations are the earliest mass printed texts that have survived. In later practice, the dharanis were "hardly employed as summaries of doctrine, but were employed as aids to concentration and magical protection benefits".  The dharanis are prominent in the Prajñāpāramitā Sutras wherein the Buddha "praises dharani incantation, along with the cultivation of samadhi, as virtuous activity of a bodhisattva", states Ryûichi Abé.  They are a part of their ritual prayers as well as considered to be an amulet and charm in themselves, whose recitation believed to allay bad luck, diseases or other calamity. Till the mid-20th-century, the Hyakumantō Darani found as charms in wooden pagodas of Japan were broadly accepted as having been printed between 764 and 770 CE, and the oldest extant printed texts. , or have an esoteric or symbolic meaning rokujikyoho ( six-syllable Sutra ) liturgy in. Northern Thailand, the dharanis have been a large and important part of any `` meagre library Buddhist! In both esoteric and exoteric rituals इंग्लिश मे मीनिंग ) is dharani ( dharani ) are ancient and extensive relevant! 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